Here is a list of what you can do to help protect and heal your skin if you suffer from hyperpigmentation of the skin.
1. Wear Sunscreen -
Sun exposure is the biggest external cause of pigmentation issues and can make existing spots darker. Use a moisturizer, foundation or BB cream that contains SPF to protect your skin from sun exposure.
2. Don’t Pick Pimples-It’s so tempting, but when you pick at bumps on the skin, you can cause damage which sometimes results in what is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (also known as PIH and hyperpigmentation caused by inflammation) is a type of hyperpigmentation that can affect the face and body. It appears as flat spots of discoloration. You want to avoid popping acne bumps. Be sure to first wash your hands or wear gloves if you find you cannot resist. You should first treat any breakouts with topical treatments. Picking bumps and pimples can make the problem worse.
3. Exfoliate -
Exfoliating your skin weekly with a gentle scrub containing jojoba beads or fine salt helps to get rid of dead skin cells. Exfoliation will promote cell turnover and over time will lighten and fade dark spots. Medical grade chemical exfoliants, or peels, are one way to loosen the bonds between the darker skin cells to help lighten pigmented areas and help get an even and glowing complexion.
4. Drink Water with Lemon -
Drinking water is one of the best things you can do for your skin. Adding fresh squeezed lemon juice to your water helps to detoxify your body and the citric acid in the lemons will work to clarify and brighten your skin, from the inside. You can also use lemon juice topically over dark spots to act as an all-natural chemical exfoliant.
5. Topical Creams-
Find a cream that can help aid in the healing and lightening of dark spots. Consult a dermatologist for the best results. It will save you time and money from purchasing items over the counter that have no lasting effects on the skin.
5.Stick to a Routine -
Invest in a cleanser, toner, and moisturizer (with SPF!) that works well for your skin type. Consult with an esthetician or dermatologist for your own personal skin analysis and product recommendations. A proper and consistent skin care routine helps to keep your skin PH balanced. This will aid other treatments such as chemical or mechanical exfoliation to work better.